Tuesday, 26 July 2011


Visakha-, also referred to as Migara's overprotect (Miga-rama-ta), was one of the chief feminine lay disciples of the Saint. She became a stream-enterer and died at the age of 120.

Visakha- erected a monastery for the Angel familiar as "Miga-rama-tupa-sa-da" (Pali for "Migara's parent's palace"), nearer Savatthi.


Uppalavanna was advised to be amongst the two chief individual disciples of the Siddhartha, the new state Khema.She was the girl of a wealthy distributor and was proverbial for her high model. Her folk substance "one with the hue of the vesture lotus".

She was the daughter of a businessperson from Savatthi (Shravasti). She was named Uppalavanna because her complexion was that of a cheerless lotus. She was so lovely that when she came of age, muscular and wealthy suitors conveyed messengers to her theologist asking for her assemblage. Not wanting to displease so many grouping, he suggested that she embellish a bhikkhuni. She agreed and became a nun. She quick progressed in musing and became an Arahant (fully free).


Upali  was a jazzman, one of the ten principal disciples of the Buddha. Before connection the order, he worked as a barber. He asked the Mystic if a cause of "low nascency" such as he could tie the impose. Angel ordained him before the princes and asked the princes to pay respect to Upali, who by then had turn an Arhant with Gautama's sermons patch Angel was getting a material cut. He became the primary follower in wise the rules of the organization and the best follower in possession precepts.


Sundari or Sundari Nanda was the younger half-sister of Siddhartha and sister of Nanda. She was the fry of Contender Suddhodana and Saint's aunty Maha Pajapati Gotami. She, similar else members of her household, became a Bhikkhuni (see also: Nanda (Buddhistic nun)) and an Arahant, similar her crony Nanda.


Subhu-ti  was one of the Ten Large S'ra-vakas of S'a-kyamuni Angel, and front in the faculty of emptiness. In Indic, his analyze literally implementation "Hot Macrocosm" (su: "groovy", bhu-ti: "cosmos"). He is also sometimes referred to as or "Older Subhu-ti" (Sthavira Subhu-ti). He was a synchronous of such famous arhats as S'a-riputra, Maha-ka-s'yapa, Maha-maudgalya-yana, Maha-ka-tya-yana, and A-nanda.
Among the Maha-ya-na traditions, Subhu-ti is perhaps unexcelled glorious as the adherent with whom the Mystic speaks when impartation the Adamant Su-tra (Skt. Vajracchedika- Prajña-pa-ramita- Su-tra), an historic philosophy within the Prajña-pa-ramita- style. This, along with the Ticker Su-tra (Skt. Prajña-pa-ramita- Hr.daya), is one of the most well-known su-tras among both practitioners and non-practitioners of Buddhism. Subhu-ti is also obligated for overmuch of the expounding in early Prajña-pa-ramita- su-tras.

In the Lotus Sutra (Skt. Saddharma Pun.d.ari-ka Su-tra), Chapter 6 (Giving of Anticipation), the Gautama bestows prophecies of enlightenment on Subhu-ti, along with opposite s'ra-vakas much as Maha-ka-s'yapa, Maha-ka-tya-yana, and Maha-maudgalya-yana.

Sariputta, Sariputra, Venerable Sariputta

S'ariputra or Sariputta  was one of two primary manly disciples of the Buddha along with Maudgalyayana (Prakrit: Moggalla-na), counterparts to the nuns Khema and Uppalavanna, named the two chief female disciples. He became an God "front in soundness" renowned for his ism and is pictured in the Buddhism tradition as one of the most measurable disciples of the Mystic.
S'a-riputra came from a Hindoo home and had already embarked on life as a spiritual ascetic when he encountered the teachings of the Mystic. S'a-riputra had a good someone Maha-maudgalya-yana (Pa-li: Maha-moggalla-na), added roving ascetic. They both renounced the experience on the identical day and became disciples of the doubter Sañjaya Belat.t.haputta before converting to Religion.

After perception of the Siddhartha's teachings from a jazzman titled Assaji (Sanskrit: Asvajit), S'a-riputra sought out the Mystic and became an adherent to his teachings. These two are ofttimes depicted unitedly with the Buddha, and individual sutras detail interactions between S'a-riputra and Maha-maudgalya-yana (who became renowned among the azoic Buddhists for his ascendancy of transmundane powers).
n one somewhat comical environment involving the two friends, a bad yaks.ha (Pa-li: yakkha) decides that it faculty try to irritate S'a-riputra by striking him on the cognition. Maha-maudgalya-yana sees this occurring with his "glorious eye" (a clairvoyant-like faculty often attributed to potent Faith monks, as symptomless as different Southwesterly Eastern ascetics), and unsuccessfully attempts to monish S'a-riputra. Still, due to his zealous spiritual ascendancy, S'a-riputra perceives the wicked stir that the yakkha delivers as only a loose zephyr. Maha-maudgalya-yana approaches and expresses his feeling that Sariputra just noticed the terrible stimulate; S'a-riputra replies in amazement that Maha-maudgalya-yana was competent to comprehend the ultraviolet slave that dealt the impact.

S'a-riputra ofttimes preached with the Angel's substance and was awarded the call of 'Plain of the Dharma' (Pa-li: Dhammasena-pati) for his dissemination of the teachings and is regarded as the founder of the Abhidharma tradition. Notwithstanding, the Mystic also gently reprimanded Sariputta on time when he did not full explicate the Dhamma to a consort, or when he allowed a radical of novice monks to become too aloud.
Nonetheless, S'a-riputra was one of the most highly praised disciples and on at smallest one occurrence the Mystic declared him to be a avowedly unworldly son and his supervisor supporter in "turn the Revolve of the Dhamma":
    "If a human, rightly language it of anyone, were to say, 'He is the Favored One's son, his upshot - innate of his spokesperson, hatched of the Dhamma, created by the Dhamma, his receiver in the Dhamma, not his receiver in touchable things,' he would be justifiedly locution it of S'a-riputra if he were to say: 'He is the Blessed One's son, his event - intelligent of his interpreter, dropped of the Dhamma, created by the Dhamma, his inheritor in the Dhamma, not his heritor in material things.' Sariputta, monks, takes the unexceeded roller of Dhamma set trilled by the Tathagata, and keeps it moving rightly."

According to the Prakrit Canon, Sariputta died peacefully on the rotund idle day of the Kartika month of the ancient Amerind calendar, a few months before the Mystic, having achieved Parinibbana, and when Sariputta's supporter, Cunda, gave the information to Ananda, Ananda was real worried. He passed the program along to the Buddha, who remained at ataraxis, and disciplined Ananda's activity:
    But, Ananda, port't I already taught you the state of growing tolerable with stare to all things pricey & attractive, the refer of seemly divide, the posit of comely otherwise? What else is there to expect? It's intolerable that one could proscribe anything hatched, alive, fabricated, & thing to action from disintegrating.

    Righteous as if the largest limb were to die off a outstanding actor calm of heartwood, upright immobile; in the very way, Sariputta has attained numerate Unbinding from this uppercase community of monks unruffled of wood, standing stable. What added is there to look? It's unattainable that one could compel anything dropped, active, fictional, & human to demolition from disintegrating.

Sariputta went to his autochthonic abode with the empowerment of the Angel, Nalaka, a Hindoo community as he craved his care who was works a non-Buddhist to be shown the exact track and faith.

He died at the community titled Nalaka after state successfully competent to alter his mother and pass her a course winner.After his embody was cremated the bones were stolen to the Mystic by Chunda and on the Buddha's teaching bimanual over to Clergyman Aja-tashatru .

Clergyman Aja-tashatru enshrined these relics in a Stupa which was venerated by the mass. After whatsoever instance in BC 261 Competition Dharmasoka (Ashok) opened the Stupa on instructions received from Moggaliputtatissa who indicated the base Religion Council.
[redact] S'a-riputra (Sariputta) as Avatar and Lakshman

In the Prakrit texts renowned as the Ja-takas, one of S'a-riputra's old creed was also familiar as "Vasudeva" Krishna's padre. The tarradiddle in the Ghata Jataka differs from the Hindu news of Krishna in that Avatar has 9 brothers and a fille and is writer of a seizure competition, who along with his brothers, conquers all of the mentation business of Jambudvipa. Both act that the Bhagavad Gita also advises to plan for country in Angel, Gita 2:49, which states "Buddhau Saranam Anvicche" or "Assert resource in enlightenment".

Similarly one of the cardinal commonly victimized recollections (Anussati) of Buddha-"Purisa damma sarathi" which way "charioteer of heroic men". In the Gita for the rank case, Krishna, who is a vocalist himself, is shown as a plain charioteer and enchiridion of the consort Arjuna. There are both who equal discourse that the Gita is a Buddhistic matter.

In added Jataka, the Dasaratha Jataka, Sariputta is regenerate as Lakshmana or Lakkhan to Saint's revivification as Ra-ma. In the Religion tale notwithstanding, Sita is never kidnaped and Avatar only returns after noncitizen as a historied guitarist to control for thousands of period.
[modify] S'a-riputra in Buddhism

Piece depictions of S'a-riputra in the Pali Canon are uniformly supportive, showing S'a-riputra as a perspicacious and efficacious lohan, endorse exclusive to the Gautama, his depiction in several Mahayana sources has ofttimes been untold less adulatory. In the Vimalaki-rti Su-tra, S'a-riputra is represented as the line of the Theravada or S'ra-vaka practice, which is presented in the Buddhism sutras as a "inferior refined" teaching. In this sutra, S'a-riputra is unable to readily apprehension the Buddhism doctrines presented by Vimalaki-rti and others, and is rebuked or defeated in discuss by a sort of interlocutors, including a pistillate divinity (deva) who refutes S'a-riputra's "Hinayana" assumptions regarding gender and constitute. Still, in the Lotus Sutra, the Angel does venture that S'a-riputra testament turn a fully aroused Angel one day, named Prime Experience Tatha-gata, at which S'a-riputra's handle is said to "discussion between S'a-riputra and Avalokites'vara is also the circumstance of the Hunch Sutra, a precis but thing schoolbook in the Buddhism Religion tradition


Samavati was one of the queens of Saint Udena of Kosambi. Her servant Khujjuttara became a front female lay disciple when she sent her to focus the Angel's teachings and inform her around the teachings. Samavati became so elated by Khujjuttara's handle, she invitational Gautama and his monks regularly to the castle to exhort the Dharma to her and her 500 ladies in ready. She became the foremost follower in lovesome action and mercifulness.

Rahula, Prince Siddhartha's Son Rahula

Ra-hul (whelped c. 534 BC) was the exclusive son of Siddhartha Gautama (Pa-li Siddhattha Gotama), afterwards celebrated as the Mystic, and his mate Princess Yasodhara-.

Accounts of his invigoration dissent in certain points. The multitude is that assumption in the Pa-li Canon.
Prince Siddhartha was preparing himself to going the hall. One statement[reference needed] claims that when he received the interest of his son's nascence he replied Ra-hu ja-to, bandhanam ja-tam - "A ra-hu is innate, a hold has arisen." Accordingly the offspring was named Ra-hula, thought "bond", or "chain", recognizing that the nipper could be a tie that orientated him to his spouse Yashodhara. Still, ra-hu does not miserly trammels. The 2nd ground, pioneer in the Mu-lasarva-stiva-da vinaya, is that Rahul received his sept in accordance with an excel of the lunation, caused by the diapsid Rahu.

In the Dhammapada, the feeling and joy that a man receives in his partner and children is called a "murmuring trammel" that ties individuals to invigoration and painfulness, not just finished eventual casualty and cessation of idolised ones but much deeply and subtly may act as ties to cyclical creation (samsara).

Ra-hul was upraised by his fuss and granddad, Clergyman Suddhodana. When he was seven age old, the Angel returned to his abode city of Kapilavatthu at the message of his antecedent who missed him dear. On the seventh day of his repeat, Yasodhara- took Ra-hula to see his ancestor, the Buddha. She told Ra-hula that since his parent had renounced the fort vivification and as he was the close royal consort in reasoning, he should ask his padre for his inheritance of award and treasure for his later benefit when his granddad would no soul restrict the arena.

After the nutrition, Ra-hul followed the Siddhartha, locution "Elasticity me my heritage." Nobody proved to stopover him, nor did the Mystic forbid him from shadowing him. He then looked at his padre and said, "Noble, justified your dwarf is beautiful to me."

Accomplishment the Bowl of Nigrodha, where the Gautama was staying, the Gautama thought to himself: "He desires his root's inheritance, but it is wrought with troubles. I shall break him the aid of my sacred Enlightenment and alter him an individual of a transcendental inheritance."

The Buddha titled Venerable Sariputta and asked him to ordinate young Ra-hula who became the low Sa-manera (tyro monk).

"The Clergyman, discovering that now his grandson and a merchandise of vulnerable men in the stag house had requested assignment, asked the Mystic only to ordain a insignificant with the respond of his parents or shielder. The Saint assented. This judge was swollen to let the spouses of those intending to tie the Arrangement of monks and nuns.

Shortly after Rahul's designation the Siddhartha taught him the grandness of narration the emancipationist. This deal is celebrated as the Rahulovada Sutta. The Saint set statement as the maximal of all virtues. The seekers of Emancipationist, (those who feature as their goal Nibbana) should not alter the doctrine of Emancipationist.

Ra-hul afterward became one among the umteen arhants finished multitude the Buddha's teachings.

Rahul died before the Buddha, Sariputta and Moggallana.


Purna Maitrayani-putra, also titled Pun.n.a, was an arahant and one of the ten stellar disciples of the Gautama.

When asked by the Saint what he would cerebrate if group were to battery or obliterate him, apiece case Pun.n.a explained how he would grow himself rosy. As a finish, the Siddhartha commended Pun.n.a on his self-control and ataraxis. Pun.n.a went on to create a chiliad lay multitude in the Siddhartha's ism. Upon Pun.n.a's death, the Buddha discerned that Pun.n.a had attained closing Nibbana.

Pindola Bharadvaja

According to the early Amerindic sutra's Pindola Bharadvaja was one of quaternary Arhats asked by the Angel to remain in the humanity to move Buddhist law (Dharma). Each of the quaternion was associated with one of the four potentiality directions.

Pindola is said to bonk excelled in the ascendence of occult and knowledge powers. He was once remonstrated by Mystic for misusing his powers to kidnap lancelike, naif grouping.
Along with Ananda, Pindola preached to the women of Udena's hall at Kosambi on two contrary occasions.

In subsequent centuries, the size of Arhats increases from foursome to Sixteen Arhats, then ulterior on to 18. In Asian Thangka paintings portrayal the 18 Arhats, Pindola Bharadvaja is ordinarily delineated retentive a collection and begging dish.

In Nihon, Pindola is titled Binzuru , a defraud signifier of Bindora Baradaja, and is arguably the most touristy of all the Arhats. The monastery refectory nigh Todaiji Tabernacle at Nara has a bulky wooden memorial of Binzuru, depicting him sitting in the lotus view. Statues of him are unremarkably asymptomatic mangy, since the constant study the impost of resistance a portion of the image corresponding to the displeased parts of their bodies, as he is reputed to individual the sharing of alterative. Nagano, whose Zenkoji tabernacle also hosts

He is also rattling oftentimes offered red and discolor bibs and children's caps to watch over the upbeat of babies, so that his memorial is often decked in rags. He is represented in picture as an old man seated on a stuff, retentive in his assemblage a sort of reign (a Asiatic shaku), or a sutra box and a produce fan. All the opposite Arahants are ordinarily worshipped in Nihon in his organism

King Pasenadi Kosala

Pasenadi (Sanskrit: Prasenajit) (c. 6th century BCE) was a Aiks.va-ka dynasty (a royalty founded by Vocalizer Iks.va-ku) individual of Kosala. He succeeded his theologian Maha-kosala. He was a prominent Upa-saka (lay person) of Gautama Buddha, who stacked more Religion monasteries.

Pasenadi unnatural in Taxila in his primitive experience. His opening chessman was a Sanskrit princess. His back competition was Va-savakhattiya-, daughter of Maha-na-ma, a S'a-kya by a slave woman Na-gamunda-. From this marriage, he had a son, Vid.u-d.abha and a daughter Vajira-, whom he married to Ajatashatru. His third and main chessman was Mallika, girl of the boss of garland-makers. Erstwhile, piece he was forth from his city Shravasti, his minister Di-gha Cha-ra-yana situated his son Vid.u-d.abha on the throne. He went to Magadha to move better from Ajatashatru in say to get his invest. But before existence competent to match him, Pasenadi died of exposure inaccurate the enterpriser of Rajagriha. The Puranas instead of Vid.u-d.abha remark the examine of Ks.udraka as his compeer
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