Thursday, 24 March 2011
First of all, the Pali term for soul is Atma and Atman in Sanskrit. Buddhism denies the concept of soul Buddhism. From the very beginning of Buddhism during 623B.C. The Buddha did not accept the theory of Soul and there were teachers during the other heretical teachers who accepted the soul and the Buddha was the one who said that Soul is not accepted.
Brahmanism depends on the monotheistic theory of believing that the universe is created with its being including the human being by the God named Mahābrahma. For the purification of men and for worldly happiness performing sacrifices had been recommended by this religion and that was multifarious. The sacrificial ceremony could be conducted only by the Brahmin priest and it was much wealth and resources consuming too.
The Kutadantasutta of DN explains how once Brahmin KūTadanta had organized a great sacrifice.
“At that time a great sacrifice occurred to Brahmin KUTadanta. Seven hundred bulls, seven hundred young bulls, seven hundred young cows, seven hundred goats and seven hundred sheep were brought at the central post of sacrificial hall for sacrifice.”
åssamedha yAaga (the sacrifice of offering horses), purisamedha yAga (sacrifice of offering men) and other sacrifices related to water named sammopAsa, vAjapeya and nIraggala were other form of Brahmanic sacrifices to be preformed by the lay people. The establishment the economic and social stability of Brahmin caste puts subjecting many other into suffering
To understand the greatness of the Buddha as a religious teacher and also as a philosopher we have to compare and contrast His teachings with the major topics of the other religions in which we can see the background of religious teachings at the time of the Buddha’s emergence. In any society no a historical being comes into existence without influence from the society and even as how Buddhism understands the history shows the fact that turning points of history in politics, economics or ethics don’t take place at once without reason. They are caused by and results of a long process of evolution that occurred in the previous history of human society.
The main cultural force and the influence religious thought in the society of the Buddha was Brahmanism. When Buddhism appeared within it Vedic religion of Brahmins had been there more than fifteen centuries. During that long period of time Vedic religion had almost changed the entire life of inhabitants of Jambudīpa. According to the philosophy of life in Vedic religion once is born to, from birth to death, from morning to evening almost all activities of every human being had been shaped, influenced and modified. According to religious principles of Brahmanism, its major concept can be identified as follows.